Locally Induced Spin States on Graphene by Chemical Attachment of Boron Atoms

Qing Li, Haiping Lin, Ruitao Lv, Mauricio Terrones, Lifeng Chi, Werner A. Hofer, Minghu Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Pristine graphene is known to be nonmagnetic due to its π-conjugated electron system. However, we find that localized magnetic moments can be generated by chemically attaching boron atoms to the graphene sheets. Such spin-polarized states are evidenced by the spin-split of the density of states (DOS) peaks near the Fermi level in scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). In the vicinity of several coadsorbed boron atoms, the Coulomb repulsion between multiple spins leads to antiferromagnetic coupling for the induced spin states in the graphene lattice, manifesting itself as an increment of spin-down state at specific regions. Experimental observations and interpretations are rationalized by extensive density functional theory (DFT) simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5482-5487
Number of pages6
JournalNano letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 12 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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