Log Poct/SA Predicts the Thermoresponsive Behavior of P(DMA- co-RA) Statistical Copolymers

Irem Akar, Jeffrey C. Foster, Xiyue Leng, Amanda K. Pearce, Robert T. Mathers, Rachel K. O'Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polymers that exhibit a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) have been of great interest for various biological applications such as drug or gene delivery, controlled release systems, and biosensing. Tuning the LCST behavior through control over polymer composition (e.g., upon copolymerization of monomers with different hydrophobicity) is a widely used method, as the phase transition is greatly affected by the hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance of the copolymers. However, the lack of a general method that relates copolymer hydrophobicity to their temperature response leads to exhaustive experiments when seeking to obtain polymers with desired properties. This is particularly challenging when the target copolymers are comprised of monomers that individually form nonresponsive homopolymers, that is, only when copolymerized do they display thermoresponsive behavior. In this study, we sought to develop a predictive relationship between polymer hydrophobicity and cloud point temperature (TCP). A series of statistical copolymers were synthesized based on hydrophilic N,N-dimethyl acrylamide (DMA) and hydrophobic alkyl acrylate monomers, and their hydrophobicity was compared using surface area-normalized octanol/water partition coefficients (Log Poct/SA). Interestingly, a correlation between the Log Poct/SA of the copolymers and their TCPs was observed for the P(DMA-co-RA) copolymers, which allowed TCPprediction of a demonstrative copolymer P(DMA-co-MMA). These results highlight the strong potential of this computational tool to improve the rational design of copolymers with desired temperature responses prior to synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-503
Number of pages6
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 19 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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