Long-term changes in masticated woody fuelbeds in northern California and southern Oregon, USA

Warren P. Reed, J. Morgan Varner, Eric E. Knapp, Jesse K. Kreye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Mechanical mastication is a fuels treatment that shreds midstorey trees and shrubs into a compacted woody fuel layer to abate fire hazards in fire-prone ecosystems. Increased surface fuel loading from mastication may, however, lead to undesirable fire intensity, long-duration flaming or smouldering, and undesirable residual tree mortality. Two major questions facing fuels managers are: how long do masticated fuels persist, and how does the composition of masticated fuelbeds change over time? To evaluate these changes, we measured 25 masticated sites with a range of vegetation, species masticated and time since treatment (1-16 years) in the western US. Seven of the 25 sites were sampled nearly a decade earlier, providing a unique opportunity to document fuelbed changes. Woody fuel loading ranged from 12.1 to 91.9 Mg ha-1 across sites and was negatively related to time since treatment. At remeasured sites, woody fuel loads declined by 20%, with the greatest losses in 1- and 10-h woody fuels (69 and 33% reductions in mass respectively). Reductions were due to declines in number of particles and reduced specific gravity. Mastication treatments that generate greater proportions of smaller-diameter fuels may result in faster decomposition and potentially be more effective at mitigating fire hazard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-819
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Ecology


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