Long-term outcome of perioperative low cardiac output syndrome in cardiac surgery: 1-year results of a multicenter randomized trial

the CHEETAH Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Perioperative myocardial dysfunction occurs frequently in cardiac surgery, and is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Levosimendan has been suggested to reduce mortality of patients with perioperative myocardial dysfunction. However, long-term outcome data on its efficacy in cardiac surgery are lacking. Materials and methods: Cardiac surgery patients with perioperative myocardial dysfunction were randomized to levosimendan or placebo, in addition to standard inotropic care. One-year mortality data were collected. Results: We randomized 506 patients (248 to levosimendan 258 to placebo). At 1-year follow-up, 41 patients (16.5%) died in the levosimendan group, while 47 (18.3%) died in the placebo group (absolute risk difference −1.8; 95% CI −8.4 to 4.9; P =.60). Female sex, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, previous myocardial infarction, serum creatinine, hematocrit, mean arterial pressure, and duration of cardiopulmonary bypass were independently associated with 1-year mortality. Conclusions: Levosimendan administration does not improve 1-year survival in cardiac surgery patients with perioperative myocardial dysfunction. One-year mortality in these patients is 17%. Six predictive factors for long-term mortality were identified. Study registration number: NCT00994825 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume58
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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