Long-term side effects and lingering symptoms post COVID-19 recovery

Mohammad Zarei, Deepanwita Bose, Masoud Nouri-Vaskeh, Vida Tajiknia, Ramin Zand, Mehdi Ghasemi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Since the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), our understanding regarding the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of this disease have been improving. However, we still have limited data on long-term effects and lingering symptoms of post COVID-19 recovery. Despite predilection of COVID-19 for lungs, multiple extra-pulmonary manifestations appear in multiple organs and biological systems and with continued infection and recovery worldwide. It is necessary that clinicians provide patients with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection with expectations of long-term effects during or after recovery from COVID-19. Herein, we review the long-term impact of COVID-19 on different organ systems reported from different clinical studies. Understanding risk factors and signs and symptoms of long-term consequences after recovery from COVID-19 will allow for proper follow-up and management of the disease post recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2289
JournalReviews in Medical Virology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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