Purpose: To examine the longitudinal, bidirectional associations of sleep quality with depressive symptoms, diabetes-specific distress and diabetes management self-efficacy among adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. Methods: Cross-lagged analyses used baseline, three-, six- and nine-month data from a randomized trial among 60 young people. Self-report measures included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Center for Epidemiological Studies – Depressed Mood scale, Problem Areas in Diabetes Teen version, and Diabetes Management Self-efficacy Scale. Results: Lower sleep quality at baseline was associated with higher three-month depressive symptoms (b = 0.21, p = 0.005) and lower diabetes self-efficacy (b = −0.18, p = 0.014), but not diabetes distress (b = 0.06, p = 0.403). Similar patterns were found at six and nine months. Three-month psychological functioning was not associated with six-month sleep quality. Conclusions: Among adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes, lower sleep quality predicted subsequent depressive symptoms and lower diabetes self-efficacy rather than vice versa. Sleep deserves a central place in diabetes care.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health