Loop formation in graphitic nanoribbon edges using furnace heating or Joule heating

Xiaoting Jia, Jessica Campos-Delgado, Edgar Eduardo Gracia-Espino, Mario Hofmann, Hiroyuki Muramatsu, Yoong Ahm Kim, Takuya Hayashi, Morinobu Endo, Jing Kong, Mauricio Terrones, Mildred S. Dresselhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Here the authors report the use of either furnace heating or Joule heating to pacify the exposed graphene edges by loop formation in a novel graphitic nanoribbon material, grown by chemical vapor deposition. The edge energy minimization process involves the formation of loops between adjacent graphene layers within the nanoribbons. A comparison is made of the similarities and differences between the loop structures formed using these two methods. An estimation of the temperature of these graphitic nanoribbons during Joule heating is also reported based on the melting and evaporation of Pt nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1996-2002
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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