Loopholes for Underage Access in E-Cigarette Delivery Sales Laws, United States, 2022

Sunday Azagba, Todd Ebling, Olayemi Timothy Adekeye, Mark Hall, Jessica King Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objectives. To comprehensively catalog and review state e-cigarette delivery sales laws as well as capture their scope and dimensions. Methods. We conducted an in-depth review to determine whether states had at least 1 form of e-cigarette delivery sales law. We coded laws for 5 key policy domains: (1) delivery terminology used in laws, (2) age verification requirements, (3) packaging label requirements, (4) permit or registration requirements, and (5) fines and penalties for violations. Results. Overall, 34 states had e-cigarette delivery sales laws with varying scopes and dimensions. In 27 states, these laws required at least 1 form of age verification requirements. We identified mandatory packaging labels in 12 states, and 7 states where permits were required. There were considerable differences among states on the scale of fines and penalties for violations. Conclusions. Our findings reveal extensive heterogeneity in e-cigarette delivery sales laws among states, particularly regarding the scope and dimensions of these laws. Public Health Implications. The mapping of e-cigarette delivery sales policies showed several potential loopholes that may diminish their effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)568-576
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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