Macrophages play a pivotal role in mediating inflammation and subsequent resolution of inflammation. The availability of selenium as a micronutrient and the subsequent biosynthesis of selenoproteins, containing the 21st amino acid selenocysteine (Sec), are important for the physiological functions of macrophages. Selenoproteins regulate the redox tone in macrophages during inflammation, the early onset of which involves oxidative burst of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. SELENOW is a highly expressed selenoprotein in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Beyond its described general role as a thiol and peroxide reductase and as an interacting partner for 14-3-3 proteins, its cellular functions, particularly in macrophages, remain largely unknown. In this study, we utilized Selenow knock-out (KO) murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) to address the role of SELENOW in inflammation following stimulation with bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). RNAseq-based temporal analyses of expression of selenoproteins and the Sec incorporation machinery genes suggested no major differences in the selenium utilization pathway in the Selenow KO BMDMs compared to their wild-type counterparts. However, selective enrichment of oxidative stress-related selenoproteins and increased ROS in Selenow−/− BMDMs indicated anomalies in redox homeostasis associated with hierarchical expression of selenoproteins. Selenow−/− BMDMs also exhibited reduced expression of arginase-1, a key enzyme associated with anti-inflammatory (M2) phenotype necessary to resolve inflammation, along with a significant decrease in efferocytosis of neutrophils that triggers pathways of resolution. Parallel targeted metabolomics analysis also confirmed an impairment in arginine metabolism in Selenow−/− BMDMs. Furthermore, Selenow−/− BMDMs lacked the ability to enhance characteristic glycolytic metabolism during inflammation. Instead, these macrophages atypically relied on oxidative phosphorylation for energy production when glucose was used as an energy source. These findings suggest that SELENOW expression in macrophages may have important implications on cellular redox processes and bioenergetics during inflammation and its resolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry