Loss of the Tight Junction Protein ZO-1 in Dextran Sulfate Sodium Induced Colitis

Lisa Poritz, Kristian I. Garver, Cecelia Green, Leo Fitzpatrick, Francesca Ruggiero, Walter Koltun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

307 Scopus citations


Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with increased intestinal permeability and decreased expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins in the inflamed mucosa. Whether this alteration in TJ expression is a prerequisite for the development of intestinal inflammation or a secondary result of that inflammation is unknown. This study looked at the expression of the TJ protein ZO-1 and the corresponding permeability changes in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced colitis in a mouse model. Materials and methods: BALB/c mice were fed 3% DSS or water for 1, 3, 5, or 7 days. The animals were weighed, stool was checked for blood, and the colon length measured. Segments of the colon were used for histology, immunohistochemistry for ZO-1, or Western blot for TJ proteins. Colonic permeability was measured using Evan's Blue dye. Results: DSS treated animals had heme positive stools, colitis by histology, significant weight loss, and colon shortening. There was an absence of ZO-1 by Western blot in the 7-day DSS treated animals, double the amount of claudin-1 and normal cytokeratin. The loss of ZO-1 started after 1 d of DSS treatment and was followed by a significant increase in permeability to Evan's blue by day 3. Conclusions: The loss of ZO-1 and increased permeability preceded the development of significant intestinal inflammation suggesting that in DSS colitis alterations in the TJ complex occur before the intestinal inflammation and not as a consequence of it. These changes in the TJ complex may facilitate the development of the inflammatory infiltrate seen in colitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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