Low-Frequency Raman Study of Large-Area Twisted Bilayers of WS2 Stacked by an Etchant-Free Transfer Method

Manpreet Boora, Yu Chuan Lin, Chen Chen, Nicholas Trainor, Joshua A. Robinson, Joan M. Redwing, Jae Yong Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides have strong intracovalent bonding. When stacked in multilayers, however, weak van der Waals interactions dominate interlayer mechanical coupling and, thus, influence their lattice vibrations. This study presents the frequency evolution of interlayer phonons in twisted WS2 bilayers, highly subject to the twist angle. The twist angle between the layers is controlled to modulate the spacing between the layers, which, in turn, affects the interlayer coupling that is probed by Raman spectroscopy. The shifts of high-frequency E2g1 (Γ) and A1g (Γ) phonon modes and their frequency separations are dependent on the twist angle, reflecting the correlation between the interlayer mechanical coupling and twist angle. In this work, we fabricated large-area, twisted bilayer WS2 with a clean interface with controlled twist angles. Polarized Raman spectroscopy identified new interlayer modes, which were not previously reported, depending on the twist angle. The appearance of breathing modes in Raman phonon spectra provides evidence of strong interlayer coupling in bilayer structures. We confirm that the twist angle can alter the exciton and trion dynamics of bilayers as indicated by the photoluminescence peak shift. These large-area controlled twist angle samples have practical applications in optoelectronic device fabrication and twistronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2902-2911
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 17 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science

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