Machine learning predictions of Knoop hardness in lithium disilicate glass-ceramics

Collin J. Wilkinson, Anthony V. DeCeanne, Marc Dittmer, Christian Ritzberger, Markus Rampf, John C. Mauro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Predicting the effects of ceramic microstructures on macroscopic properties, such as the Knoop hardness, has long been a difficult task. This is particularly true in glass–ceramics, where multiple unique crystalline phases can overlap with a background glassy phase. The combination of crystalline and glassy phases makes it difficult to quantify the percent crystallinity and to predict properties that are the result of the chemical composition and microstructure. To overcome this difficulty and take the first step to build a system for characterizing glass-ceramics, we predict the Knoop hardness based on scanning electron microscopy images using two computational techniques. The first technique is a computer vision algorithm that allows for physical insights into the system because the features used in a predictive model are extracted from the images. The second technique is machine learning with convolutional neural networks that are trained through transfer learning, allowing for more accurate predictions than the first method but with the downside of being a black box. Discussion of the relative merits of the models is included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3418-3425
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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