Macrophage-derived human resistin promotes perivascular adipose tissue dysfunction in experimental inflammatory arthritis

Aline G. Fedoce, Flávio P. Veras, Marcos H. Rosa, Ayda H. Schneider, Isadora M. Paiva, Mirele R. Machado, Edismauro G. Freitas-Filho, Josiane F. Silva, Caio C. Machado, José C. Alves-Filho, Fernando Q. Cunha, Leandra N. Z. Ramalho, Paulo Louzada-Junior, Anthony S. Bonavia, Rita C. Tostes

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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Resistin is an adipokine that induces adipose tissue inflammation and activation of monocytes/macrophages via adenylate cyclase-associated protein-1 (CAP1). Resistin levels are increased in RA and might cause perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) dysfunction, leading to vascular damage and CVD. This study aimed to investigate the role of resistin in promoting PVAT dysfunction by increasing local macrophage and inflammatory cytokines content in antigen-induced arthritis (AIA). Resistin pharmacological effects were assessed by using C57Bl/6J wild-type (WT) mice, humanized resistin mice expressing human resistin in monocytes-macrophages (hRTN+/-/-), and resistin knockout mice (RTN-/-) with AIA and respective controls. We investigated AIA disease activity and functional, cellular, and molecular parameters of the PVAT. Resistin did not contribute to AIA disease activity and its concentrations were augmented in the PVAT and plasma of WT AIA and hRTN+/-/- AIA animals. In vitro exposure of murine arteries to resistin impaired vascular function by decreasing the anti-contractile effect of PVAT. WT AIA mice and hRTN+/-/- AIA mice exhibited PVAT dysfunction and knockdown of resistin prevented it. Macrophage-derived cytokines, markers of types 1 and 2 macrophages, and CAP1 expression were increased in the PVAT of resistin humanized mice with AIA, but not in knockout mice for resistin. This study reveals that macrophage-derived resistin promotes PVAT inflammation and dysfunction regardless of AIA disease activity. Resistin might represent a translational target to reduce RA-driven vascular dysfunction and CVD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number116245
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
StatePublished - Jun 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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