Magnetic-flux penetration in Li doped and undoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oz cast tapes before and after fast-neutron irradiation

M. Turchinskaya, D. L. Kaiser, A. J. Shapiro, J. Schwartz

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4 Scopus citations


In a study of the effects of Li fission on magnetic-flux pinning in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oz (2212), a high-resolution, magneto-optical imaging technique (MOT) has been employed to conduct the first direct observations of microscopic flux flow in Li doped and undoped 2212 polycrystalline tapes before and after fast-neutron irradiation. The studies were performed at applied magnetic fields in the range of 0 to ±65 mT and at temperatures of 20, 30 and 40 K. The local magnetization behavior was correlated with bulk magnetization measurements obtained by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry at the same applied fields and temperatures. The MOT studies showed that flux penetration in both the Li doped and undoped tapes was highly non-uniform. Measurements by the two techniques demonstrated that the neutron-irradiation treatment caused a significant increase in the magnetic-flux pinning in both tapes. SQUID measurements performed at applied fields up to ±5 T showed that the irradiation treatment increased pinning by the same factor (2.2 at 20 K and 30 K) in the two tapes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-384
Number of pages10
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - May 10 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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