Magnetic seeding coagulation: Effect of Al species and magnetic particles on coagulation efficiency, residual Al, and floc properties

Miao Lv, Dongyi Li, Zhaohan Zhang, Bruce E. Logan, Jan Peter van der Hoek, Muchen Sun, Fan Chen, Yujie Feng

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Magnetic seeding coagulation (MSC) process has been used to accelerate flocs sedimentation with an applied magnetic field, offering large handling capacity and low energy consumption. The interactions of three typical Al species, aluminum chloride (AlCl3), Al13O4(OH)247+ polymer (Al13), and (AlO4)2Al28(OH)5618+ polymer (Al30), with magnetic particles (MPs) were examined to clarify the MSC process. In traditional coagulation (TC) process, the aggregation of primary Ala-dissolved organic matter (DOM) complexes with in-situ-formed polynuclear species generated a large average floc size (226 μm), which was proved to be efficient for DOC removal (52.6%). The weak connections between dissolved Ala-DOM complexes and MPs led to the negligible changes of dissolved Al after seeding with MPs in AlCl3. A significant interaction between MPs and Al13 was observed, in which the MPs-Al13-DOM complexes were proposed to be responsible for the significant improvement of DOC removal (from 47% to 52%) and residual total Al reduction (from 1.05 to 0.27 mg Al L−1) with MPs addition. Al30 produced a lower floc fractal dimension (Df = 1.88) than AlCl3 (2.08) and Al13 (1.99) in the TC process, whereas its floc strength (70.9%) and floc recovery (38.5%) were higher than the others. Although more detached fragments were produced with MPs addition, the effective sedimentation of these fragments with the applied magnetic field led to the decrease of residual turbidity and colloidal Al in Al30. The dependence of coagulation behavior to MPs and different Al species can be applied to guide the application of an effective MSC process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number129363
StatePublished - Apr 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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