Materials for additive manufacturing

David Bourell, Jean Pierre Kruth, Ming Leu, Gideon Levy, David Rosen, Allison M. Beese, Adam Clare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

657 Scopus citations


Critical to the selection requirements for additive manufacturing (AM) is the need for appropriate materials. Materials requirements for AM include the ability to produce the feedstock in a form amenable to the specific AM process, suitable processing of the material by AM, capability to be acceptably post-processed to enhance geometry and properties, and manifestation of necessary performance characteristics in service. As AM has matured, specific classes of material have become associated with specific AM processes and applications. This paper gathers this information for each of the seven categories of ISO/ASTM AM categories. Polymers, metals, ceramics and composites are considered. Microstructural features affecting AM part properties are listed. Service properties of AM parts are described, including physical, mechanical, optical and electrical properties. An additive manufacturability index is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-681
Number of pages23
JournalCIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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