Measurements in subsonic and supersonic free jets using a laser velocimeter

Jark C. Lau, Philip J. Morris, Michael J. Fisher

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Velocity measurements in a 51 mm diameter turbulent jet are presented. The measurement programme is conducted in two parts. The first part is devoted to the validation of laser velocimeter (LV) data. This consists of comparative measurements with the LV and a hot-wire anemometer. The second part consists of a survey of the jet flow field at Mach 0·28, 0·90, and 1·37 under ambient temperature conditions. Radial and centre-line distributions of the axial and radial, mean and fluctuating velocities are obtained. The distributions indicate a decrease in the spreading rate of the mixing layer with increasing Mach number and a corresponding lengthening of the potential core. The results further indicate that these two parameters vary with the square of the jet Mach number. Radial distributions collapse when plotted in terms of ση*, where σ = 10.7/(1 - 0.273 M J2) and η* = (r − r0·5)/x. This is true for distributions in planes located as far downstream as two potential core lengths. The collapsed data of mean velocity can be approximated by a Görtler error function profile: [formula ommited] Centre-line distributions at various Mach numbers also collapse if plotted in terms of x/xc, xc being the potential core length. A general equation for the collapsed data of mean velocity is given by: U/UJ = 1 - exp{1.35/(1 - x/xc)}, for the range of Mach numbers 0·3-1·4, where xc = 4.2 + 1.1 MJ2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1979

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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