As surgical outcomes and survival of patients with cancer improves, in particular patients with head and neck cancer would often develop multiple primaries. The limitations of radiation for repeated local therapy leave radical surgery as the only local option for some of these patients. Given the complexity of the issues at hand, these patients should be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team with expertise in otolaryngology, radiation oncology, medical oncology, and thoracic surgery. Mediastinal tracheostomy is rarely used, but it can be a useful tool in the management of these complex patients. When esophagectomy is performed in combination with pharyngolaryngectomy, a minimally invasive transhiatal approach can be used. Transhiatal esophageal mobilization is technically feasible with laparoscopy, and it obviates the need for thoracic incisions and patient repositioning in this already complex morbid procedure. Additionally, for cervical esophageal tumors, neither margins nor completeness of lymphadenectomy are sacrificed. We describe several critical steps of mediastinal tracheostomy and minimally invasive transhiatal esophagectomy for the management of these complex patients.
|Number of pages
|Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
|Published - Feb 1 2016
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine