Mediators of transformational leadership and the work-family relationship

Michelle Hammond, Jeanette N. Cleveland, John W. O’Neill, Robert S. Stawski, April Jones Tate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the ways in which leaders influence follower’s work-life management. Specifically, the authors propose that personal (positive affect), social (managerial support for work-family balance), and job (autonomy) resources mediate the relationships between transformational leadership and work-family conflict (WFC) and enrichment. Design/methodology/approach – The sample included 411 managers in 37 hotel properties across the USA. Findings – The relationship between TL and WFC was mediated by autonomy, positive affect and managerial support for work-family balance, whereas the relationship between TL and WFE was mediated by managerial support for work-family balance and positive affect. Research limitations/implications – This study constructs a foundation for future integration of leadership and work and family literatures. It also provides preliminary support for work-family enrichment theory (Greenhaus and Powell, 2006), as well as the value of examining leadership through a resource-based perspective. Practical implications – Interventions designed to enhance leadership may be effective not only in the workplace, but also for reducing WFC and promoting enrichment. Originality/value – This study is the first to directly examine the effect of transformational leadership and both WFC and enrichment. Further, it specifies mediating variables that underlie these relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-469
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 11 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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