Akt plays indispensable roles in cell proliferation, survival and metabolism. Mechanisms underlying posttranslational modification-mediated Akt activation have been extensively studied yet the Akt interactome is less understood. Here, we report that SAV1, a Hippo signaling component, inhibits Akt, a function independent of its role in Hippo signaling. Binding to a proline-tyrosine motif in the Akt-PH domain, SAV1 suppresses Akt activation by blocking Akt’s movement to plasma membrane. We further identify cancer-associated SAV1 mutations with impaired ability to bind Akt, leading to Akt hyperactivation. We also determine that MERTK phosphorylates Akt1-Y26, releasing SAV1 binding and allowing Akt responsiveness to canonical PI-3K pathway activation. This work provides a mechanism underlying MERTK-mediated Akt activation and survival signaling in kidney cancer. Akt activation drives oncogenesis and therapeutic resistance; this mechanism of Akt regulation by MERTK/SAV1 provides yet another complexity in an extensively studied pathway, and may yield prognostic information and therapeutic targets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)