Meso-scale kinematic responses of asphalt mixture in both field and laboratory compaction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

17 Scopus citations


Compaction is one of the most critical steps in asphalt pavement construction. Traditional compaction relies heavily on engineering experience and post-construction quality control and can lead to under/over compaction problems. The emerging intelligent compaction technology has improved compaction quality but is still not successful in obtaining mixture properties of a single pavement layer. Besides, very few studies have discussed the internal material responses during field and laboratory compaction to explain the meso-scale (i.e., particle scale) compaction mechanism. Knowledge in those areas may greatly promote the development of smart compaction. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the kinematic behavior of the asphalt mixture particles (translation and rotation) under six types of field and laboratory compaction methods and establish the relationship between the field and the laboratory compaction by using a real-time particle motion sensor, SmartRock. It was found that particle movement pattern was mainly affected by the compaction mode. At the meso-scale where particle behavior is the focus, the kneading effects of a pneumatic-tire roller can be simulated by laboratory gyratory and rolling wheel compaction, and the vibrating effects of a vibratory roller can be simulated by Marshall compaction. However, none of those laboratory compaction methods can completely simulate the field compaction. Under vibratory rolling, particle acceleration decreased fast in the breakdown rolling stage. Under pneumatic-tire rolling, particle angular position change was related to aggregate skeleton, and particle relative rotation showed a decreasing trend that was consistent with the laboratory gyratory compaction results. Those kinematic responses can potentially be used to monitor density change in field compaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Record
PublisherSAGE Publications Ltd
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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