Metamaterial-Augmented Head-Mounted Audio Module

Jun Ji, Chuming Zhao, Frank Yao, Tetsuro Oishi, John Stewart, Yun Jing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent developments in metamaterial research have shown promising progress in overcoming the fundamental physical limitations of acoustics. While the majority of this research is curiosity-driven and focused on fundamental physics, there has been a scarcity of acoustic metamaterials research that can have a direct and immediate impact on real-world applications. In this study, an acoustic metamaterial inside a head-mounted audio module is incorporate to achieve a 3–7 dB broadband sound pressure level (SPL) improvement in the bass range (50–700 Hz), which is the most challenging frequency range for radiation enhancement. The adoption of the acoustic metamaterial not only enhances voltage sensitivity near the intrinsic metamaterial resonance frequency, but also extends the broadband enhancement to a lower transducer resonance frequency by carefully engineering the metamaterial-transducer resonant coupling. The improvement of the audio module is demonstrated through fully coupled electrical-mechanical-acoustical numerical simulations using finite element analysis, which are validated against comprehensive measurements including electrical impedance analysis, speaker diaphragm displacement analysis, voltage sensitivity and power sensitivity analysis, and spectrogram. This study not only offers a promising path to improve the audio module quality without increasing the size, but also represents an important milestone toward using acoustic metamaterial research to solve audio industry challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2300834
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 10 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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