Methodological issues in cross-cultural research

Hans Baumgartner, Bert Weijters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


Regardless of whether the research goal is to establish cultural universals or to identify and explain cross-cultural differences, researchers need measures that are comparable across different cultures when conducting cross-cultural studies. In this chapter, we describe two major strategies for enhancing cross-cultural comparability. First, we discuss a priori methods to ensure the comparability of data in cross-cultural surveys. In particular, we review findings on cross-cultural differences based on the psychology of survey response and provide suggestions on how to deal with these cultural differences in the survey design stage. Second, we discuss post hoc methods to ascertain data comparability and enable comparisons in the presence of threats to equivalence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCross Cultural Issues in Consumer Science and Consumer Psychology
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Perspectives and Future Directions
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9783319650913
ISBN (Print)9783319650906
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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