Methylseleninic acid potentiates multiple types of cancer cells to ABT-737-induced apoptosis by targeting Mcl-1 and Bad

Shutao Yin, Yinhui Dong, Jinghua Li, Lihong Fan, Lei Wang, Junxuan Lu, Ole Vang, Hongbo Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


ABT-737, a novel small molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2 family proteins, holds great promise to complement current cancer therapies. However many types of solid cancer cells are resistant to ABT-737. One practical approach to improve its therapeutic efficacy is to combine with the agents that can overcome such resistance to restore the sensitivity. In the present study, a second-generation selenium compound methylseleninic acid (MSeA) synergistically sensitized MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells, HT-29 human colon cancer cells and DU145 human prostate cancer cells to apoptosis induction by ABT-737, as evidenced by greater than additive enhancement of Annexin V/FITC positive (apoptotic) cells and activation of multiple caspases and PARP cleavage. Mechanistic investigation demonstrated that MSeA significantly decreased basal Mcl-1 expression and ABT-737-induced Mcl-1 expression. Knocking down of Mcl-1 with RNAi approach supported the functional significance of this molecular target. More importantly, we identified inactivation of Bad by phosphorylation on ser-136 and ser-112 as a novel mechanism involved in ABT-737 resistance, which can be overcome by combining with MSeA. In addition, we found that expression of Bax was required for the efficient execution of synergistic sensitization. Our findings, for the first time, provide a strong mechanistic rationale for developing MSeA as a novel sensitizing agent of ABT-737.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-399
Number of pages12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Cancer Research


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