Metropolitan Governance and Business Improvement Districts

Göktug˘ Morçöl, Ulf Zimmermann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Citations (SciVal)


This chapter argues that business improvement districts (BID) constitute a particularly apt exemplar of the expanding scope of the public administration problem, which forces to rethink the distinctions drawn between the public and private realms and the traditional definitions of accountability. It shows that what set BIDs into motion were the enlightened self-interest of business owners and their traditionally powerful roles in urban political economy. Governments continued to make investments in building the infrastructure and making large-scale capital investments and improvements in urban areas. The laws governing BID creation and termination give local governments some authority over BIDs, but the laws are only part of the story. The ambiguity is partly caused by the variations in the legal statuses granted to BIDs in different states. BIDs are criticized for potential violations of the democratic rights of a variety of groups in metropolitan areas, including residents and their own members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBusiness Improvement Districts
Subtitle of host publicationResearch, Theories, and Controversies
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781351572866
ISBN (Print)9781420045765
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Metropolitan Governance and Business Improvement Districts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this