Bacterial species can adapt to significant changes in their environment by mutation followed by selection, a phenomenon known as "adaptive evolution."With the development of bioinformatics and genetic engineering, research on adaptive evolution has progressed rapidly, as have applications of the process. In this review, we summarize various mechanisms of bacterial adaptive evolution, the technologies used for studying it, and successful applications of the method in research and industry. We particularly highlight the contributions of Dr. L. O. Ingram. Microbial adaptive evolution has significant impact on our society not only from its industrial applications, but also in the evolution, emergence, and control of various pathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberkuab076
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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