Microcontaminants in pentachlorophenol synthesis. 1. New bioassay for microcontaminant quantification

Jianli Yu, Terry J. Nestrick, Randy Allen, Phillip E. Savage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We have refined and implemented a novel aryl hydrocarbon receptor capture bioassay for determining the toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentration of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in pentachlorophenol samples. We calibrated the method for TEQ concentrations between 0.29 and 2.0 ppm. The standard deviation is typically about 20% of the reported value, but this value can be higher for samples with lower TEQ levels. Testing revealed that the single analysis of a sample is likely to be accurate to within ±40% of the reported value, with the uncertainty being attributable to random error. Performing multiple analyses of the same sample reduces the error considerably, to only a few percent. Applying this bioassay method to pentachlorophenol samples synthesized previously via an isothermal reaction provided TEQ concentrations for these samples. The results showed that the TEQ concentration in the samples increased as the synthesis temperature increased. Very high TEQ concentrations (9 ppm) were present in samples from synthesis at 188 °C, which points to the importance of keeping the temperature as low as possible during pentachlorophenol synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5199-5204
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number15
StatePublished - Jul 19 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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