Microfoundations of Innovation as Process: Usher’s cumulative synthesis model

Raghu Garud, Marja Turunen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

13 Scopus citations


Extant literature lacks the microfoundations of innovation as process. To fill this lacuna, we first introduce and extend Usher’s cumulative synthesis model comprising four steps: the perception of an unsatisfactory pattern, the setting of the stage, the primary act of insight, and critical revision and development. We then probe the assumptions underlying the model, explore how it has influenced contemporary scholars, and how it can be applied to enhance scholarship on and the practice of innovation. We conclude with observations on how innovation can be a part of organizing rather than remain apart from it, and suggest future research possibilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Organizational Change and Innovation
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9780198845973
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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