Micronutrient deficiencies in the developing world: An evaluation of delivery methods

Dhruv Rao, Connor Higgins, Hartini Margot, Taylor Lyle, Shannon McFalls, Eric Obeysekare, Khanjan Mehta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations


Malnutrition is a serious problem in developing countries, particularly among children under five and women of childbearing age. Expectant and nursing mothers are especially vulnerable to micronutrient deficiencies. Effects of micronutrient deficiencies such as weakened immune systems, overall morbidity, and stunted childhood growth are reversible in the critical age group of 0 to 5. Providing children with the essential nutrients lacking in their diets during infancy is essential as it can lead to long-lasting health benefits. Many solutions have been researched and implemented to increase micronutrient intake in the diets of people in developing nations. Implementation of the solutions have ranged from national policies such as the mandatory fortification of certain food products and educating rural communities about improving nutrition levels, to the in-home application of micronutrient fortification powders. The spectrum of solutions has strengths and weaknesses; however, few, if any solutions have been successful at decreasing nutrition deficiencies on a macro scale. This article presents a comprehensive review of academic studies detailing different methods of delivering nutrients to individuals in developing countries. The results of this review are categorized and synthesized into a framework describing the approach, range and success of different strategies to help vulnerable groups meet their micronutrient needs. Understanding this framework will help in identifying gaps in current efforts to address micronutrient deficiencies and improve the current integration techniques into settings with insufficient resources to satisfy dietary needs of populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGHTC 2016 - IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference
Subtitle of host publicationTechnology for the Benefit of Humanity, Conference Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781509024322
StatePublished - 2016
Event6th Annual IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2016 - Seattle, United States
Duration: Oct 13 2016Oct 16 2016

Publication series

NameGHTC 2016 - IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference: Technology for the Benefit of Humanity, Conference Proceedings


Other6th Annual IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, GHTC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)
  • Communication
  • Political Science and International Relations


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