Microstructural and electrical characterisation of LaxBa 1-xTi1-xYxO3 (0≤ x ≤ 0.50) ceramics

A. Feteira, D. C. Sinclair, Michael T. Lanagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


LaxBa1-xTi1-xYxO3 (0≤x≤0.5) powders were synthesised in air at 1400°C by the conventional solid state method. According to the X-ray results, the tetragonal distortion in undoped (x=0) BaTiO3 (space group P4mm) decreases with x and samples with x ≥0.05 show cubic symmetry (space group Pm3 m). For x≥0.05, the lattice parameter increases linearly with x, until orthorhombic LaYO3 appears as a secondary phase for x>0.45. Dielectric properties of dense (>95% of the theoretical X-ray density) ceramics were studied at both radio and microwave frequencies. The permittivity maximum is shifted towards lower temperatures with increasing x and a broad permittivity peak is observed for samples with 0.05<x<0.30. These samples exhibit a dielectric response typical of "relaxor"-type materials. In contrast, ceramics with x=0.40 exhibit almost temperature independent dielectric properties (τf=+12 ppm/K) and although they resonate at microwave frequencies they have low quality factors (Q.f≤ 755 at ∼5 GHz). Finally, conventional transmission electron microscopy combined with electron diffraction studies were carried out to provide a better understanding of structure-property relationships in LaxBa1-xTi 1-xYxO3 ceramics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)873-876
Number of pages4
JournalKey Engineering Materials
StatePublished - Jul 24 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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