Microwave and terahertz surface resistance of MgB 2 thin films

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, F. Kadlec, P. Kuzel, A. I. Gubin, Eun Mi Choi, Hyun Jung Kim, Sung Ik Lee, W. N. Kang, S. F. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, A. V. Pogrebnyakov, J. M. Redwing, X. X. Xi, N. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The knowledge of the surface resistance R s of superconducting thin film at microwave and terahertz (THz) regions is significant to design, make and assess superconducting microwave and THz electronic devices. In this paper we reported the R s of MgB 2 films at microwave and THz measured with sapphire resonator technique and the time-domain THz spectroscopy, respectively. Some interesting results are revealed in the following: (1) A clear correlation is found between R s and normal-state resistivity right above T c, ρ 0, i.e., R s decreases almost linearly with the decrease of ρ 0. (2) A low residual R s, less than 50 μΩ at 18 GHz is achieved by different deposition techniques. In addition, between 10 and 14 K, MgB 2 has the lowest R s compared with two other superconductors Nb 3Sn and the high-temperature superconductor YBa 2Cu 3O 7-δ(YBCO). (3) From THz measurement it is found that the R s of MgB 2 up to around 1 THz is lower than that of copper and YBCO at the temperature below 25 K. (4) The frequency dependence of R s follows ω n , where ω is angular frequency, and n is power index. However, n changes from 1.9 at microwave to 1.5 at THz. The above results clearly give the evidences that MgB 2 thin film, compared with other superconductors, is of advantage to make superconducting circuits working in the microwave and THz regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-623
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Nov 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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