Resting mitochondrial matrix Ca2+ is maintained through a mitochondrial calcium uptake 1 (MICU1)-established threshold inhibition of mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) activity. It is not known how MICU1 interacts with MCU to establish this Ca2+ threshold for mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and MCU activity. Here, we show that MICU1 localizes to the mitochondrial matrix side of the inner mitochondrial membrane and MICU1/MCU binding is determined by a MICU1 N-terminal polybasic domain and two interacting coiled-coil domains of MCU. Further investigation reveals that MICU1 forms homo-oligomers, and this oligomerization is independent of thepolybasic region. However, the polybasic region confers MICU1 oligomeric binding to MCU and controls mitochondrial Ca2+ current (IMCU). Moreover, MICU1 EF hands regulate MCU channel activity, but do not determine MCU binding. Loss of MICU1 promotes MCU activation leading to oxidative burden and a halt to cell migration. These studies establish a molecular mechanism for MICU1 control of MCU-mediated mitochondrial Ca2+ accumulation, and dysregulation of this mechanism probably enhances vascular dysfunction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology