MIMO Radar Waveform Design in the Presence of Multiple Targets and Practical Constraints

Xianxiang Yu, Khaled Alhujaili, Guolong Cui, Vishal Monga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


This paper deals with the joint design of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) radar transmit waveform and receive filter to enhance multiple targets detectability in the presence of signal-dependent (clutter) and independent disturbance. The worst-case Signal-to-Interference-Noise-Ratio (SINR) over multiple targets is explicitly maximized. To ensure hardware compatibility and the coexistence between MIMO radar and other wireless systems, constant modulus and spectral restrictions on the waveform are incorporated in our design. A max-min non-convex optimization problem emerges as a function of the transmit waveform, which we solve via a novel polynomial-time iterative procedure that involves solving a sequence of convex problems with constraints that evolve with every iteration. The overall algorithm follows an alternate optimization over the receive filter and transmit waveform. For the problem of waveform optimization (which is our central contribution), we provide analytical guarantees of monotonic cost function improvement with proof of convergence to a solution that satisfies the KarushKuhnTucker (KKT) conditions. We also develop extensions that address the well-known waveform similarity constraint. By simulating challenging practical scenarios, we evaluate the proposed algorithm against the state-of-the-art methods in terms of the achieved SINR value and the computational complexity. Overall, we show that our proposal outperforms state of the art competing methods while providing the most favorable performance-complexity balance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9034082
Pages (from-to)1974-1989
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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