MiRNA induced co-differentiation and cross-talk of adipose tissue-derived progenitor cells for 3D heterotypic pre-vascularized bone formation

Nazmiye Celik, Myoung Hwan Kim, Daniel J. Hayes, Ibrahim T. Ozbolat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Engineered bone grafts require a vascular network to supply cells with oxygen, nutrients and remove waste. Using heterotypic mature cells to create these grafts in vivo has resulted in limited cell density, ectopic tissue formation and disorganized tissue. Despite evidence that progenitor cell aggregates, such as progenitor spheroids, are a potential candidate for fabrication of native-like pre-vascularized bone tissue, the factors dictating progenitor co-differentiation to create heterotypic pre-vascularized bone tissue remains poorly understood. In this study, we examined a three-dimensional heterotypic pre-vascularized bone tissue model, using osteogenic and endotheliogenic progenitor spheroids induced by miR-148b and miR-210 mimic transfection, respectively. Spheroids made of transfected cells were assembled into heterotypic structures to determine the impact on co-differentiation as a function of micro-RNA (miRNA) mimic treatment group and induction time. Our results demonstrated that miRNAs supported the differentiation in heterotypic structures, and that developing heterotypic structures is determined in part by progenitor maturity, as confirmed by gene and protein markers of osteogenic and endotheliogenic differentiation and the mineralization assay. As a proof of concept, miRNA-transfected spheroids were also bioprinted using aspiration-assisted bioprinting and organized into hollow structures to mimic the Haversian canal. Overall, the presented approach could be useful in fabrication of vascularized bone tissue using spheroids as building blocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044107
JournalBiofabrication
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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