Mirror, Mirror: Guided Storytelling and Team Reflexivity’s Influence on Team Mental Models

Rachel Tesler, Susan Mohammed, Katherine Hamilton, Vincent Mancuso, Michael McNeese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Because substantial evidence supports team mental model similarity as a positive predictor of team performance, it is important that we help team members to develop a shared understanding of relevant team content. The current study extended the list of team mental model antecedents to include guided storytelling as an effective team intervention. In the first known empirical investigation of planned story usage in teams, we broke new methodological ground by pioneering a team intervention to proactively harness the benefits of narrative. Results revealed that the combination of presenting important information in story format and giving members time to reflect upon their strategies had a positive effect on team mental model similarity. In addition, the positive indirect effect of storytelling on team performance via team mental model similarity was stronger when guided team reflexivity was present than absent. These findings provide encouraging evidence for the continued examination of storytelling and reflexivity in teams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-305
Number of pages39
JournalSmall Group Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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