Miscibility of bioerodible polyphosphazene/poly(lactide-co-glycolide) blends

Nicholas R. Krogman, Anurima Singh, Lakshmi S. Nair, Cato T. Laurencin, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


We have previously demonstrated the feasibility of blending bioerodible polyphosphazenes with poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) to form versatile polymeric materials with altered bioerosion properties. These studies demonstrated the effective neutralization of the acidic degradation products of PLGA by the polyphosphazene hydrolysis products. In the present study, five new polymers of dipeptide polyphosphazenes poly(ethyl glycinato)x- (glycyl-ethyl glycinato)yphosphazene] and novel blends of these polyphosphazenes with poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) were synthesized and fabricated. The miscibility was analyzed using differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy. Hydrogen bonding within the blends was assessed by attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy. The phosphazene component of the blend contained varying ratios of the glycyl-glycine ethyl ester to the glycine ethyl ester. Poly[(ethyl glycinato)0.5(glycine ethyl glycinato)1.5phosphazene formed completely miscible blends with PLGA (50:50) and PLGA (85:15). This is ascribed to the multiple hydrogen-bonding sites within the side groups of the polyphosphazene. The components of the blend act as plasticizers for each other because a glass transition temperature for each blend was detected at a lower temperature than for each individual polymer. A hydrolysis study showed that unblended solid poly[(ethyl glycinato)0.5(glycyl ethyl glycinato)1.5phosphazenel hydrolyzed in less than 1 week. However, the blends degraded at a slower rate than both parent polymers. This is attributed to the buffering capacity of the polyphosphazene hydrolysis products which increases the pH of the degradation media from 2.5 to 4, thereby slowing the degradation rate of PLGA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1306-1312
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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