Mixed hydroxide precursors for La2Ti2O7 and Nd2Ti2O7 by homogeneous precipitation

M. Suresh, A. V. Prasadarao, S. Komarneni

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Feasibility of formation of stoichiometric precursors of either M2 (TiO)2(C2O4)5 4H2O (M = La and Nd) or coprecipitated hydroxides of M(OH)3+TiO(OH)2 was investigated by two solution routes at different pH values. Composition of precipitates obtained at pH = 7.0 by coprecipitation method starting from La or Nd nitrates and potassium titanyl oxalate corresponded to a physical mixture of La or Nd(C2O4)3 9.5H2O and TiO(OH)2·H2O which on thermal decomposition did not yield phase pure M2Ti2O7. However, precipitation from La or Nd nitrates and titanium tertrachloride by urea hydrolysis yielded homogeneous mixture of hydroxides of La or Nd and Ti, which on pyrolysis at 950°C yielded phase pure La2Ti2O7 and Nd2Ti2O7. Use of potassium titanyl oxalate as precursor for Ti, led to selective precipitation of La or Nd oxalate even at pH as low as 0.1 leading to sequential precipitation of La or Nd oxalate followed by Ti hydroxide at pH = 3.0. The resultant precipitate on pyrolysis underwent typical solid-state reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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