Model for rate-dependent hysteresis in piezoceramic materials operating at low frequencies

Ralph C. Smith, Zoubeida Ounaies, Robert Wieman

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This paper addresses the modeling of certain rate-dependent mechanisms which contribute to hysteresis inherent to piezoelectric materials operating at low frequencies. While quasistatic models are suitable for initial material characterization in some applications, the reduction in coercive field and polarization values which occur as frequencies increase must be accommodated to attain the full capabilities of the materials. The model employed here quantifies the hysteresis in two steps. In the first, anhysteretic polarization switching is modeled through the application of Boltzmann principles to balance the electrostatic and thermal energy. Hysteresis is then incorporated through the quantification of energy required to translate and bend domain walls pinned at inclusions inherent to the materials. The performance of the model is illustrated through a fit to low frequency data (0.1 Hz-1 Hz) from a PZT5A wafer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-136
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
EventSmart Structures and Materials 2000 - Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics - Newport Beach, CA, USA
Duration: Mar 6 2000Mar 9 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Model for rate-dependent hysteresis in piezoceramic materials operating at low frequencies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this