Directed evolution experiments rely on the cyclical application of mutagenesis, screening and amplification in a test tube. They have led to the creation of novel proteins for a wide range of applications. However, directed evolution currently requires an uncertain, typically large, number of labor intensive and expensive experimental cycles before proteins with improved function are identified. This paper introduces predictive models for quantifying the outcome of the experiments aiding in the setup of directed evolution for maximizing the chances of obtaining DNA sequences encoding enzymes with improved activities. Two methods of DNA manipulation are analysed: error-prone PCR and DNA recombination. Error-prone PCR is a DNA replication process that intentionally introduces copying errors by imposing mutagenic reaction conditions. The proposed model calculates the probability of producing a specific nucleotide sequence after a number of PCR cycles. DNA recombination methods rely on the mixing and concatenation of genetic material from a number of parent sequences. This paper focuses on modeling a specific DNA recombination protocol, DNA shuffling. Three aspects of the DNA shuffling procedure are modeled: the fragment size distribution after random fragmentation by DNase I, the assembly of DNA fragments, and the probability of assembling specific sequences or combinations of mutations. Results obtained with the proposed models compare favorably with experimental data. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Modeling and Simulation
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- General Immunology and Microbiology
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
- Applied Mathematics