Modeling of droplet entrainment phenomena at a quench front

M. J. Holowach, L. E. Hochreiter, J. H. Mahaffy, F. B. Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The phenomena of droplet entrainment at a quench front is of practical importance as a clear understanding of the underlying mechanisms required to effectively calculate the interfacial mass, momentum, and energy transfer, which characterizes nuclear reactor safety, system design, analysis, and performance. The present study proposes a model for droplet entrainment at a quench front that is based on the best-understood physics related to the Lagrangian quenching phenomenon characteristic to light water reactor (LWR) safety analysis. The model is based on a film boundary layer and stability analysis that attempts to match the characteristic time and length scales of the entrainment phenomenon. This model has been developed such that direct implementation can be made into any two-phase flow simulation code with a three-field (continuous liquid, droplet, and vapor) flow model. Comparisons with integrated transient test data independent of those used for model development have been performed to verify the applicability of the proposed model for the prediction of the entrainment rate of liquid droplets at a quench front under typical reflood conditions envisioned in LWRs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)902-918
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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