Modeling the dynamics of continental shelf carbon

Eileen E. Hofmann, Bronwyn Cahill, Katja Fennel, Marjorie A.M. Friedrichs, Kimberly Hyde, Cindy Lee, Antonio Mannino, Raymond G. Najjar, John E. O'Reilly, John Wilkin, Jianhong Xue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Continental margin systems are important contributors to global nutrient and carbon budgets. Effort is needed to quantify this contribution and how it will be modified under changing patterns of climate and land use. Coupled models will be used to provide projections of future states of continental margin systems. Thus, it is appropriate to consider the limitations that impede the development of realistic models. Here, we provide an overview of the current state of modeling carbon cycling on continental margins as well as the processes and issues that provide the next challenges to such models. Our overview is done within the context of a coupled circulation-biogeochemical model developed for the northeastern North American continental shelf region. Particular choices of forcing and initial fields and process parameterizations are used to illustrate the consequences for simulated distributions, as revealed by comparisons to observations using quantitative statistical metrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-122
Number of pages30
JournalAnnual Review of Marine Science
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography


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