Modeling the Kondo effect of a magnetic atom adsorbed on graphene

Liangbo Liang, Eduardo Costa Girao, Vincent Meunier

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2 Scopus citations


The Kondo effect due to a magnetic atom adsorbed on graphene is investigated using two theoretical approaches, including the non-equilibrium Green's function method within the slave-boson mean-field approximation and a newly developed tight-binding (TB) model with an effectively infinite Hubbard U term. Both methods reveal the presence of a Kondo peak in the local density of state (LDOS) of graphene near the Fermi level. A sharp Kondo peak is only observed in the odd-neighboring C sites of the C atom directly below the magnetic atom placed in top position. The peak intensity is found to decay quickly with respect to the distance between the C site and the magnetic atom. A theoretical model of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) of graphene is presented as a means to identify the manifestation of the Kondo effect via direct topographic STM measurements. STM simulations show that in the proximity of the magnetic atom, only the C atoms of one sublattice are visible at low bias potential and thus a triangular lattice can be seen, in agreement with recent experiments. Further away from the magnetic atom, the Kondo effect dies down and eventually both sublattices are visible, leading to the recovery of the hexagonal lattice. This work not only provides a new TB method to study the Kondo effect in graphene, but also presents both scanning tunneling spectroscopy and microscopy fingerprints of the Kondo effect to facilitate its experimental verification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035038
Journal2D Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 6 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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