Modeling the Observations of GRB 180720B: From Radio to Sub-TeV Gamma-Rays

N. Fraija, S. Dichiara, A. C.C.D.E.S. Pedreira, A. Galvan-Gamez, R. L. Becerra, A. Montalvo, J. Montero, B. Betancourt Kamenetskaia, B. B. Zhang

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Early and late multiwavelength observations play an important role in determining the nature of the progenitor, circumburst medium, physical processes, and emitting regions associated with the spectral and temporal features of bursts. GRB 180720B is a long and powerful burst detected by a large number of observatories at multiple wavelengths that range from radio bands to sub-TeV gamma-rays. The simultaneous multiwavelength observations were presented over multiple periods of time beginning just after the trigger time and extending to more than 30 days. The temporal and spectral analysis of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) observations suggests that it presents similar characteristics to other bursts detected by this instrument. Coupled with X-ray and optical observations, the standard external shock model in a homogeneous medium is favored by this analysis. The X-ray flare is consistent with the synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model from the reverse-shock region evolving in a thin shell and previous LAT, X-ray, and optical data with the standard synchrotron forward-shock model. The best-fit parameters derived with Markov chain Monte Carlo simulations indicate that the outflow is endowed with magnetic fields and that the radio observations are in the self-absorption regime. The SSC forward-shock model with our parameters can explain the LAT photons beyond the synchrotron limit as well as the emission recently reported by the HESS Collaboration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number29
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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