Modelling of material non‐linearities in steel structures subjected to transient dynamic loading

A. S. Elnashai, B. A. Izzuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


This paper is concerned with the modelling of the behaviour of steel under cyclic and dynamic loading conditions. After a general discussion regarding the requirements for accurate and efficient modelling in dynamics, two models are described and implemented. The bilinear stress‐strain constitutive relationship with kinematic hardening is widely used in many computer codes, hence is used for ‘control’ purposes. The multisurface plasticity model is said to exhibit the important qualities of strain hardening, softening and relaxation to a mean stress. This model is described in detail and notes on model parameter evaluation are given. A number of validation examples are presented, due to the complexity of implementation of the multisurface formulation. This is followed by comparisons between the bilinear response predictions and those of the multisurface model for cyclic and dynamic tests on beam‐columns. It is concluded that in the absence of material test data under cyclic loading, the bilinear model provides acceptably accurate response predictions. However, the multisurface model provides a significantly closer fit to experimental results, due to its ability to model a yield plateau and a non‐linear strain‐hardening regime as well as cyclic degradation. It can also be used for new types of steel where no distinct yield point is observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-532
Number of pages24
JournalEarthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling of material non‐linearities in steel structures subjected to transient dynamic loading'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this