Modulation of dendritic patterns during electrodeposition: A nonlinear phase-field model

Lei Chen, Hao Wei Zhang, Lin Yun Liang, Zhe Liu, Yue Qi, Peng Lu, James Chen, Long Qing Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

198 Scopus citations


A nonlinear phase-field model, accounting for the Butler-Volmer electrochemical reaction kinetics, is developed to investigate the dendritic patterns during an electrodeposition process. Using lithium electrodeposition as an example, the proposed model is first verified by comparison with the Nernst equation in a 1D equilibrium system. The nonlinear electrochemical kinetics is also confirmed at non-equilibrium condition. The dendritic patterns are examined as a function of applied voltage and initial electrode surface morphology. A design map is proposed to tailor the electrode surface morphology and the applied voltage to avoid undesired dendritic patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-385
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
StatePublished - Dec 30 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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