Molecular induction by phenobarbital of a rat hepatic form of cytochrome P-450: Expression of a 4-kilobase messenger RNA

Curtis J. Omiecinski, Ronald N. Hines, Robert L. Foldes, Joan B. Levy, Edward Bresnick

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A differential screening procedure was employed to isolate a cDNA clone corresponding to a major phenobarbital (PB)-inducible form of rat hepatic cytochrome P-450. The G-C homopolymer-tailing technique was utilized to construct a cDNA library in the PstI site of plasmid pBR322. The library represented PB-induced poly(A+)RNA sequences from hepatic polysomes of 150-g male Sprague-Dawley rats. Hybrid-selection experiments against total PB-inducible RNA were performed with plasmid DNA derived from clones enriched in PB-inducible information. The mRNA molecules that specifically hybridized were subjected to in vitro translation, were immunoprecipitated with antibody raised in rabbits against purified cytochrome P-450b (P. E. Thomas, D. Korzeniowski, D. Ryan, and W. Levin (1979)Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 192, 524-532), and were electrophoresed under sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic conditions. One cDNA clone, designated PB-8, contained a 600-bp insert partially coding for a PB-inducible cytochrome P-450 species that comigrated on SDS-gel electrophoresis with highly purified P-450b. A single injection of PB, 15-18 h before sacrifice, increased the level of polysomal poly(A+)RNA complementary to the isolated cDNA clone by approximately 16-fold. Northern blot hybridizations of polysome-derived poly(A+)RNA, electrophoresed in denaturing agarose gels, demonstrated that the size of the mRNA corresponding to the isolated clone was 4 kb. Isolated heteronuclear RNA species demonstrated a time-dependent increase in the synthesis of a similar 4-kb RNA molecule. By genomic blot hybridization to EcoRI-restricted DNA, at least three complementary DNA fragments migrating at 5.1, 3.2, and 2.9 kb were observed with 32P-labeled PB-8 as a probe. These data, together with restriction endonuclease mapping and partial cDNA sequence information of the PB-8 cDNA, suggest that the PB-8 clone represents a previously unreported cDNA clone for a form of cytochrome P-450 inducible by PB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-493
Number of pages16
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1983

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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