Diet-derived aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) ligands have potential to maintain gut health. However, among the myriad bioactive compounds from foods, identifying novel functional ligands which would significantly impact gastrointestinal health is a challenge. In this study, a novel AHR modulator is predicted, identified, and characterized in the white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus). Using a molecular networking approach, a methylated analog to benzothiazole was indicated in white button mushrooms, which was subsequently isolated and identified as 2-amino-4-methyl-benzothiazole(2A4). Cell-based AHR transcriptional assays revealed that 2-amino-4-methyl-benzothiazole possesses agonistic activity and upregulated CYP1A1 expression. This contrasts with previous findings that whole white button mushroom extract has overall antagonistic activity in vivo, underscoring the importance of studying the roles each chemical component plays in a whole food. The findings suggest that 2-amino-4-methyl-benzothiazole is a previously unidentified AHR modulator from white button mushroom and demonstrate that molecular networking has potential to identify novel receptor modulators from natural products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105602
JournalJournal of Functional Foods
StatePublished - Jul 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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