Molecules with ALMA at Planet-forming Scales (MAPS). X. Studying deuteration at high angular resolution toward protoplanetary disks

Gianni Cataldi, Yoshihide Yamato, Yuri Aikawa, Jennifer B. Bergner, Kenji Furuya, Viviana V. Guzmán, Jane Huang, Ryan A. Loomis, Chunhua Qi, Sean M. Andrews, Edwin A. Bergin, Alice S. Booth, Arthur D. Bosman, L. Ilsedore Cleeves, Ian Czekala, John D. Ilee, Charles J. Law, Romane Le Gal, Yao Liu, Feng LongFrançois Ménard, Hideko Nomura, Karin I. Öberg, Kamber R. Schwarz, Richard Teague, Takashi Tsukagoshi, Catherine Walsh, David J. Wilner, Ke Zhang

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13 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Deuterium fractionation is dependent on various physical and chemical parameters. Thus, the formation location and thermal history of material in the solar system is often studied by measuring its D/H ratio. This requires knowledge about the deuteration processes operating during the planet formation era. We aim to study these processes by radially resolving the DCN/HCN (at 0 3 resolution) and N2D+/N2H+ (∼0 3-0 9) column density ratios toward the five protoplanetary disks observed by the Molecules with ALMA at Planet-forming scales (MAPS) Large Program. DCN is detected in all five sources, with one newly reported detection. N2D+ is detected in four sources, two of which are newly reported detections. We derive column density profiles that allow us to study the spatial variation of the DCN/HCN and N2D+/N2H+ ratios at high resolution. DCN/HCN varies considerably for different parts of the disks, ranging from 10−3 to 10−1. In particular, the inner-disk regions generally show significantly lower HCN deuteration compared with the outer disk. In addition, our analysis confirms that two deuterium fractionation channels are active, which can alter the D/H ratio within the pool of organic molecules. N2D+ is found in the cold outer regions beyond ∼50 au, with N2D+/N2H+ ranging between 10−2 and 1 across the disk sample. This is consistent with the theoretical expectation that N2H+ deuteration proceeds via the low-temperature channel only. This paper is part of the MAPS special issue of the Astrophysical Journal Supplement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume257
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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