TY - JOUR

T1 - Moment generating functions and scaling laws in the inertial layer of turbulent wall-bounded flows

AU - Yang, Xiang I.A.

AU - Marusic, Ivan

AU - Meneveau, Charles

N1 - Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Office of Naval Research, the National Science Foundation, and the Australian Research Council.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Properties of single- and two-point moment generating functions (MGFs) are examined in the inertial region of wall-bounded flows. Empirical evidence for power-law scaling of the single-point MGF 〈exp(qu+)〉 (where u+ is the normalized streamwise velocity fluctuation and q a real parameter) with respect to the wall-normal distance is presented, based on hot-wire data from a Reτ = 13 000 boundary-layer experiment. The parameter q serves as a 'dial' to emphasize different parts of the signal such as high- and low-speed regions, for positive and negative values of q, respectively. Power-law scaling 〈exp(qu+)〉 ∼ (z/δ)-τ(q) can be related to the generalized logarithmic laws previously observed in higher-order moments, such as in 〈u+2p〉1/p, but provide additional information not available through traditional moments if considering q values away from the origin. For two-point MGFs, the scalings in 〈exp[qu+(x) + q′u+(x + r)]〉 with respect to z and streamwise displacement r in the logarithmic region are investigated. The special case q′ = -q is of particular interest, since this choice emphasizes rare events with high and low speeds at a distance r. Applying simple scaling arguments motivated by the attached eddy model, a 'scaling transition' is predicted to occur for q = qcr such that τ(qcr) + τ(-qcr) = 1, where τ(q) is the set of scaling exponents for single-point MGFs. This scaling transition is not visible to traditional central moments, but is indeed observed based on the experimental data, illustrating the capabilities of MGFs to provide new and statistically robust insights into turbulence structure and confirming essential ingredients of the attached eddy model.

AB - Properties of single- and two-point moment generating functions (MGFs) are examined in the inertial region of wall-bounded flows. Empirical evidence for power-law scaling of the single-point MGF 〈exp(qu+)〉 (where u+ is the normalized streamwise velocity fluctuation and q a real parameter) with respect to the wall-normal distance is presented, based on hot-wire data from a Reτ = 13 000 boundary-layer experiment. The parameter q serves as a 'dial' to emphasize different parts of the signal such as high- and low-speed regions, for positive and negative values of q, respectively. Power-law scaling 〈exp(qu+)〉 ∼ (z/δ)-τ(q) can be related to the generalized logarithmic laws previously observed in higher-order moments, such as in 〈u+2p〉1/p, but provide additional information not available through traditional moments if considering q values away from the origin. For two-point MGFs, the scalings in 〈exp[qu+(x) + q′u+(x + r)]〉 with respect to z and streamwise displacement r in the logarithmic region are investigated. The special case q′ = -q is of particular interest, since this choice emphasizes rare events with high and low speeds at a distance r. Applying simple scaling arguments motivated by the attached eddy model, a 'scaling transition' is predicted to occur for q = qcr such that τ(qcr) + τ(-qcr) = 1, where τ(q) is the set of scaling exponents for single-point MGFs. This scaling transition is not visible to traditional central moments, but is indeed observed based on the experimental data, illustrating the capabilities of MGFs to provide new and statistically robust insights into turbulence structure and confirming essential ingredients of the attached eddy model.

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U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2016.82

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2016.82

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84958167463

SN - 0022-1120

VL - 791

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

M1 - R2

ER -