Mono-ADP-ribosylation by PARP10 and PARP14 in genome stability

Ashna Dhoonmoon, Claudia M. Nicolae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

ADP-ribosylation is a post-translational modification involved in a variety of processes including DNA damage repair, transcriptional regulation, and cellular proliferation. Depending on the number of ADP moieties transferred to target proteins, ADP-ribosylation can be classified either as mono-ADP-ribosylation (MARylation) or poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation). This post-translational modification is catalyzed by enzymes known as ADP-ribosyltransferases (ARTs), which include the poly (ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP) superfamily of proteins. Certain members of the PARP family including PARP1 and PARP2 have been extensively studied and assessed as therapeutic targets. However, the other members of the PARP family of protein are not as well studied but have gained attention in recent years given findings suggesting their roles in an increasing number of cellular processes. Among these other members are PARP10 and PARP14, which have gradually emerged as key players in maintenance of genomic stability and carcinogenesis. PARP10 and PARP14 catalyze the transfer of a single ADP moiety to target proteins. Here, we summarize the current knowledge on MARylation in DNA repair and cancer, focusing on PARP10 and PARP14. We highlight the roles of PARP10 and PARP14 in cancer progression and response to chemotherapeutics and briefly discuss currently known PARP10 and PARP14 inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberzcad009
JournalNAR Cancer
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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